As Californians get ready to turn the page on 2022, hundreds of new laws will go into effect starting Jan. 1. From increasing the minimum wage to legalizing jaywalking to shielding criminal records, the new laws will impact employment, health care, housing, public safety, and consumer protection.
Here’s a look at what to expect in 2023.
Minimum Wage (SB 3)
This 3.33 percent increase is less than half of the 7.9 percent inflation increase between 2021 and 2022 calculated by California’s Department of Finance.
According to the law signed by Gov. Jerry Brown in 2016, if annual inflation increases by more than 7 percent, it triggers the minimum wage to increase.
Currently, the minimum wage is $15 per hour for companies with 25 or more employees and $14 per hour for those with 25 or fewer employees.
Jaywalking (AB 2147)
Under the new “Freedom to Walk Act,” pedestrians will no longer be fined for crossing the street outside of designated intersections or crosswalks unless the person causes a hazard on the street.
Supporters of the law state that it will reduce inequitable policing toward certain racial groups. Some also suggest that the law will encourage more people to walk instead of drive.
Opponents worry that it will lead to more accidents and ultimately cause more pedestrian deaths.
In California, the base fine for jaywalking is $25 and it can go up to $250 per ticket.
COVID Misinformation (AB 2098)
This law allows doctors to face discipline for spreading so-called misinformation or disinformation about COVID-19—including information about vaccine effectiveness and other treatments—and categorizes it as unprofessional conduct.
Physicians and surgeons are regulated by the Medical Board. Under current law, the board is required to act against any licensed doctor who is charged with unprofessional conduct.
Criminal Records (SB 731)
At least 225,000 Californians with prior convictions or arrests will be able to have their records automatically sealed from criminal background checks due to a new law.
While these records will be automatically sealed once people complete their sentence and go four years without new arrests, others will be able to petition a judge to have theirs sealed.
In California, there are around 8 million people that have criminal records, according to Californians for Safety and Justice.
Loitering (SB 357)
A new California law decriminalizes loitering for the intent to engage in prostitution.
Also known as the “Safer Streets for All Act,” the law was introduced last year by Sen. Scott Weiner (D-San Francisco). In a statement, Weiner said it “eliminates an anti-loitering offense that leads to harmful treatment of people for simply ‘appearing’ to be a sex worker.”
However, opponents said that the law will place the community at risk by encouraging higher numbers of prostitutes and “Johns” in public. Los Angeles Sheriff Department officials also stated it will take a major tool away from law enforcement, especially for targeting sex buyers.
Parking Requirements (AB 2097)
The law will prohibit cities across the state from enforcing a minimum number of parking spaces on a development project if the project is located within a half-mile of public transit.
The law was established to support the development of affordable housing units by reducing the cost and land space required for development.
Critics of the law say that it will, instead, reduce developers’ efforts to build affordable housing, because many cities are already reducing parking requirements as an incentive for developers to include affordable units in their projects.
FAST Recovery Act (AB 257)
The new law applies to fast-food chains that have 100 or more locations nationally and would create a council that would set industry-wide minimum standards on wages, working hours, and other conditions.
Under the law, minimum wages could rise to as high as $22 an hour for 2023, with the option to increase further each year based on inflation.
Opponents argue that the law would lead to higher food prices and job losses. Additionally, the effects of the law won’t be limited to just major fast-food chains, but small businesses as well—since they will be compelled to raise pay to compete for staff.
Abortion (SB 1375)
Starting January, nurse practitioners will be able to perform first-trimester abortions without a doctor’s supervision under a new law.
The law was introduced in February by Sen. Toni Atkins (D-San Diego) and was intended to help expand access to abortion as California expects to see an influx of patients coming from other states to get abortions.
In November, voters also passed Proposition 1 to change the California Constitution to say the state cannot deny or interfere with a person’s decision whether or not to have an abortion or whether to use contraceptives.
Salary Transparency (SB 1162)
The new law requires companies with more than 15 employees to start including pay scales in their job postings in 2023.